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Member spotlight

Sarah Stephen

Sarah is a dual-degree master’s student studying International Nature Conservation, a bi-national program between Germany and New Zealand. Her background is interdisciplinary with her bachelor’s studies focused on bridging the social and natural sciences. Currently, she is working with the United Nations’ Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Sarah will be conducting her master’s research as a visiting scholar with the Global Mammal Assessment program at the Sapienza University of Rome.

What got you into ConSoSci?

Being an environmental science and international nature conservation student, I studied the world’s greatest environmental challenges such as climate change and biodiversity loss. Faced with these challenging topics in university, I often racked my brain trying to come up with new ideas and strategies to mitigate these issues and asked myself big questions like how and why our current approaches are insufficient. What I have come to realize is that people are the drivers of anthropogenic climate change and biodiversity loss, yet people are also the solution. The social sciences offer new tactics, knowledge, and resources to address and understand human behavior. Social science, used with natural sciences, can strengthen strategies to engage people and galvanize conservation action. I am inspired to move forward in my research and actively engage with social scientist to improve conservation outcomes.

What is your current research?

My current research seeks to support countries as they work to preserve and expand protected and conserved areas with the ultimate goal of maintaining biodiversity for future generations by achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The research contributes to shaping the conservation landscape to work for both traditional protection and sustainable use at the global level.  My thesis research builds on this topic as I will explore the future trends of biodiversity using a modeling and scenario approach and applying these projections to understand their relationships to globally agreed goals.

Who is your conservation idol/mentor?

The upcoming United Nations Decade is dedicated to Sustainable Oceans. There is no better scientist than Dr. Sylvia Earle to name as my conservation idol in light of this global commitment to ocean conservation. She is an acclaimed scientist and environmental heroine who is changing our world for the better. As a young student, I saw that she paved the way for women in science in a field that was predominantly male. Dr. Earle’s commitment to communicating science and conservation optimism continues to inspired me. Because we share a passion for safeguarding protected areas, I admire her fight for marine hotspots and protected areas, or Hope Spots, through her organization called Mission Blue.  

Sarah Horsley

Sarah Horsley is a PhD student working towards a joint degree in Integrative Conservation and Forest Resources at the University of Georgia. She comes from an interdisciplinary background in social science, natural science, and the digital humanities. Sarah is interested in the application of environmental social sciences toward conservation, including environmental perceptions, behaviors, and socio-cultural valuation methods for decision-making. Her research focuses on characterizing the concept of iconic species and their contributions toward a sense of place and conservation efforts in nature-based destinations. Currently, she spends her summers researching the significance of the sea turtle and live oak on Georgia’s coast and the rest of the year planning the 2018 Integrative Conservation Conference in Athens, Georgia. Sarah is also interested in teaching scientists to be storytellers and works as a scientific illustrator and visual artist. You can see her work at

What got you into ConSoSci?

For too long I assumed that any conservation or environmental problem only needed natural science to find the solution. But when I really started to look these problems case by case, the social and human aspects appeared to be the majority of both the issue and the solution. When I realized this, I decided that to have the greatest impact on addressing conservation issues I needed to look to social science. However, conservation problems are complex and require lots of contextual knowledge, so I try my best to research the social aspects with as much understanding of the natural, economic, and political as I can manage as a graduate student!

Nature poetry started my interest in conservation. There were quite a few poets that describe how precious moments of being, understanding, and communing in nature are and what a loss we would be at without our spirited ties to the natural world. I really value the moments in nature that tell us more about our world, which is often reflected in nature writing and nature poetry, so I decided I needed to know more about how we as humans see and understand these resources and how we protect them for the well-being of ecosystems. One of my favorites, Mary Oliver, writes, “Instructions for living a life. Pay attention. Be astonished. Tell about it.”

What kind of research do you do?

I’m all about mixed methods. I like combining qualitative and quantitative inquiry to really get both a rich and broad perspective on a question. I’m also currently working on developing research that uses methods and theoretical frameworks from both the social and nature sciences. Because I have a background in both, this allows me to keep by skills and knowledge sharp and be a more interdisciplinary person. I’m also a proponent of incorporating data and techniques from the humanities into scientific research, such as narrative, arts-based inquiry, and translating findings into science communication through all expressive media.

Who is your conservation idol?

Anyone working to solve the issues of microplastics and ocean pollution. I’d have to say my current idol is Mr. Trash Wheel who is voraciously devouring litter that enters the Baltimore Harbor.

Sophia Winkler-Schor

SophiaSophia (@ScientistSophia) is a master’s student studying international nature conservation (M.I.N.C.) at the University of Göttingen (Germany) and Lincoln University, New Zealand. Her research focuses on understanding human-nature relationships and how individuals’ values influence their behavior. Integrating conservation psychology along with other social and natural sciences, her research seeks to engage people in pro-environmental behaviors and improve the efficacy of conservation interventions. Sophia previously worked in the Peruvian Amazon where she evaluated land users’ interest in payments for ecosystem services (PES). Here she saw the great need for behavioral scientists to improve conservation efforts. Currently, she is a visiting scholar at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign completing her thesis research exploring park users’ value structures and their pro-environmental behaviors in Denali National Park, Alaska. Sophia plans on pursuing a PhD in human dimensions of conservation focused on deforestation prevention in Latin America.

What got you into ConSoSci?

During my undergraduate studies, I was lucky enough to meet a (then) PhD student at the University of Washington who was conducting forest conservation research in Peru. I began working for him on a project that sought to assess interest in payments for ecosystem services (PES) in Madre de Dios, Peru. We surveyed several hundred gold miners and farmers in the Manu-Tambopata corridor to understand their interest in hypothetical conservation policies. I loved working with the local people in Peru to better understand their communities and needs. During this research, we used a variety of social science techniques, and I realized how powerful they were for developing conservation interventions. This experience ultimately led me to my current field of study—conservation psychology—because I realized how imperative it is to understand human behavior in order to address pressing conservation issues.

What is your current research?

My thesis research explores human values and how they relate to pro-environmental behavior. We surveyed 700 park users at Denali National Park and Preserve in Alaska, asking about their values and what kinds of pro-environmental behaviors they engage in. We are testing two new value dimensions to explore their relationships with pro-environmental behaviors to develop a more nuanced understanding of environmental values and also help decision-makers and park managers improve park policy and user experience.

Who is your conservation idol/mentor?

My conservation crushes, as I like to call them, are Dr. E.J. Milner-Gulland for her novel integration of behavior change sciences to conservation interventions. Dr. William Laurance is also someone I look up to for his extensive research deforestation and forest conservation in Latin America. Both of these researchers are paragons in their respective fields and are inspirations for my future research and career path.



Recent papers spotlight

Masuda, Y.J. et al. (2018), Innovation diffusion within large environmental NGOs through informal network agents. Nature Sustainability

A network experiment in a major environmental NGO finds that the diffusion of innovation is four times more likely when information regarding novel practices is targeted to staff members who participate in a greater number, and a more diverse set, of projects.

Valli-Laurente Fraser-Celin, Alice J Hovorka & Jennifer J Silver (2018), Human conflict over wildlife: exploring social constructions of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in Botswana. Human Dimensions of WildlifeDOI: 10.1080/10871209.2018.1443528

Using human-wild dog issues as a lens, the authors of this paper found that understanding competing social constructions of wildlife can help managers better reduce conflict and develop more effective approaches to collaborative, integrative management.

Teel, T. L., Anderson, C. B., Burgman, M. A., Cinner, J., Clark, D., Estévez, R. A., Jones, J. P.G., McClanahan, T. R., Reed, M. S., Sandbrook, C. and St. John, F. A.V. (2018), Publishing social science research in Conservation Biology to move beyond biology. Conservation Biology, 32: 6–8. doi:10.1111/cobi.13059

As all SSWG members know, social science plays an important role in conservation research and practice. However, the position of social science research in key research journals is not always clear. In this editorial , Teel et al. discuss the role of social science in Conservation Biology , the flagship journal of the Society for Conservation Biology.  They offer guidance on the suitability of manuscripts for publication, based on relevance and importance, and call for stronger representation of social scientist from diverse disciplines in the editorial and review process. 

Veríssimo, D., Schmid, C., Kimario, F. F. and Eves, H. E. (2018), Measuring the impact of an entertainment-education intervention to reduce demand for bushmeat. Animal Conservationdoi:10.1111/acv.12396

The trade and consumption of bushmeat are major threats to biodiversity across the tropics. In this paper Verissimo et al. explore the efficacy of radio talk shows in attempts to reduce demand for bushmeat in northern Tanzania. Though the study shows no significant change in behavior, it highlights the need for rigorous monitoring and evaluation to identify behavior change success.

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